This session aims to analyze in-depth the challenges, limitations and longer-term perspectives of these pilots as well as other existing relevant ongoing projects and activities in other programmes. Based on this analysis, the aim is to outline future research and innovation needs in terms of convergence and alignment of the basic technologies and their utilization in industry and especially SMEs. Outcomes of this workshop will be relevant for the future research and innovation activities in both the EuroHPC JU, and the AI, Data, and Robotics Partnership, and are meant to support alignment in between both partnerships.